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Lithium (Li)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaLithium (from Greek:λίθος lithos, "stone") is a chemical element with the symbol Li and atomic number 3. It is a soft, silver-white metal belonging to the alkali metal group of chemical elements. Under standard conditions it is the lightest metal and the least dense solid element.

Lithium in the periodic table

Atomic number3
Element categoryAlkali Metal

Physical properties

Phase at STPSolid
Density0.534 g/cm3
Atomic weight6.94 u
Melting point453.65 K
180.5 °C
356.9 °F
Boiling point1603 K
1329.85 °C
2425.73 °F

Atomic properties

Electronegativity (Pauling Scale)0.98
Electron affinity59.6326 kJ/mol
Oxidation states+1
(a strongly basic oxide)
Ionization energies
1520.2 kJ/mol
2 7298.1 kJ/mol
3 11815 kJ/mol

Electron configuration

Elektronkonfiguration (shorthand)[He] 2s1
Electron configuration1s2 2s1
Electrons per shell2, 1


Discovered byJohan August Arfwedson
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